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Florida Home Loans by Atlantic Mortgage offers a diverse range of commercial loan options. Our dedicated team combines local market insight with a commitment to your success, ensuring a seamless and efficient loan process. Let us help you achieve your business goals with tailored financing solutions designed just for you. Start your journey to financial growth with us today.

What is a Commercial Loan?

A commercial real estate loan is a type of financing specifically designed for purchasing, developing, or renovating commercial property. Unlike residential loans, which are used to buy homes, commercial real estate loans are used for properties that are intended for business purposes. These can include office buildings, shopping centers, industrial warehouses, apartment complexes, and other types of commercial premises. Key characteristics of commercial real estate loans include:

  • Purpose: They are used for acquiring, developing, or renovating property that generates income, such as rental spaces, retail locations, or offices.
  • Loan Terms: These loans typically have shorter repayment terms than residential mortgages, often ranging from 5 to 20 years, with amortization periods that can sometimes extend beyond the loan term.
  • Interest Rates: Rates can be either fixed or variable, with the specifics depending on the lender, the creditworthiness of the borrower, and market conditions.
  • Loan-to-Value Ratio: Lenders evaluate the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio to determine the maximum amount they are willing to lend. This ratio compares the loan amount to the value of the commercial property.
  • Collateral: The property being purchased or renovated usually serves as collateral for the loan. Failure to repay the loan can result in foreclosure on the property.
  • Down Payment: Commercial real estate loans often require a larger down payment compared to residential loans, typically ranging from 20% to 30% of the property’s purchase price.

Commercial real estate loans are essential for businesses and investors looking to expand their operations or invest in commercial properties. They provide the necessary financial support for large-scale real estate projects, contributing to business growth and development.

What are the Different Types of Commercial Loans?

There are several types of commercial real estate loans, each designed to meet different financing needs and scenarios in the real estate market. Here’s an overview of the most common types:

  • Traditional Commercial Mortgages

    • Issued by: Banks, credit unions, and financial institutions.
    • Characteristics: These loans have relatively lower interest rates and longer repayment terms but require a strong credit history, significant down payment, and often involve a rigorous application process.
  • SBA 7(a) and 504 Loans

    • Issued by: Lenders certified by the Small Business Administration (SBA), with a portion of the loan backed by the SBA.
    • Characteristics: These loans offer favorable terms, including lower down payments and competitive interest rates, designed to assist small businesses. The 7(a) program is more general, while the 504 loan focuses specifically on real estate and equipment.
  • Bridge Loans

    • Issued by: Banks, private lenders, and investment firms.
    • Characteristics: Short-term loans used to “bridge” the gap until long-term financing is secured. They have higher interest rates and are typically used for quick purchases, renovations, or when immediate cash flow is needed.
  • Hard Money Loans

    • Issued by: Private investors or companies.
    • Characteristics: Similar to bridge loans but based more on the property’s value and potential rather than the borrower’s creditworthiness. They come with high interest rates and short repayment terms and are often used for projects that need quick funding.
  • Construction Loans

    • Issued by: Banks and specialized lenders.
    • Characteristics: Designed to finance the construction or renovation of buildings. These loans usually cover only the construction period, requiring borrowers to secure permanent financing once the project is completed.
  • Mezzanine Loans

    • Issued by: Private equity firms, venture capital, and certain types of lenders.
    • Characteristics: A hybrid of debt and equity financing that is secured not by the property itself but by the borrower’s equity in the company. If the borrower defaults, the lender has the right to convert to an equity interest in the company.
  • Permanent Loans

    • Issued by: Traditional banks, credit unions, and life insurance companies.
    • Characteristics: A long-term mortgage option for borrowers who have completed the construction phase and wish to pay off the construction loan with a more traditional, longer-term financing solution.
  • CMBS Loans (Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities)

    • Issued by: Conduits, which are entities that pool loans and sell them to investors on the secondary market.
    • Characteristics: Loans that are securitized and sold to investors, offering relatively low interest rates. The borrower deals with a servicer for the loan rather than the original lender.

Each type of commercial real estate loan has its own set of requirements, benefits, and drawbacks. The best choice depends on the borrower’s specific needs, financial situation, and the property involved.

How do Commerical Loans Work?

A commercial real estate loan works by providing businesses with the capital needed to purchase, develop, or renovate commercial property, with the property itself often serving as collateral for the loan. Here’s a breakdown of how these loans typically work:

Application and Approval Process

  1. Assessment of Purpose and Viability: The borrower approaches a lender with a proposal for the purchase, development, or renovation of a commercial property. The lender assesses the viability of the project, the creditworthiness of the borrower, and the potential income the property could generate.
  2. Property Evaluation: The lender evaluates the commercial property to determine its value, which involves an appraisal and might include an analysis of the location, condition, and potential for income generation.
  3. Loan Terms Negotiation: If the lender decides to proceed, the terms of the loan, including the interest rate, repayment schedule, loan-to-value ratio, and down payment requirement, are negotiated.

Loan Structure

  • Amount: The loan amount is typically based on a percentage of the property’s appraised value, adhering to the loan-to-value ratio.
  • Interest Rate: Rates can be fixed or variable, influenced by the lender’s policies, the borrower’s credit profile, and market conditions.
  • Repayment Term: Commercial real estate loans have shorter terms than residential mortgages, usually 5 to 20 years, with a balloon payment or the need to refinance at the end of the term for longer projects.
  • Amortization: The loan may have an amortization period longer than the actual term of the loan, leading to a balloon payment at the end of the term if the entire loan balance is not paid off.

Closing and Funding

  • Closing: Once the terms are agreed upon, the closing process involves finalizing the loan documents and setting up the payment schedule.
  • Funding: The lender provides the funds, enabling the borrower to proceed with the purchase, development, or renovation of the commercial property.


  • Monthly Payments: Borrowers make monthly payments according to the agreed schedule, which covers interest and potentially part of the principal.
  • Balloon Payment: If the loan’s amortization period is longer than the term, a balloon payment may be required to pay off the remaining balance at the end of the term.

Potential for Refinancing or Sale

  • End of Term: Borrowers may choose to refinance the loan if a balloon payment is due or if they wish to extend their financing terms. Alternatively, the property may be sold to pay off the remaining loan balance.

Commercial real estate loans are complex financial products designed to meet the needs of businesses investing in property. The specific terms and structure of these loans can vary widely depending on the lender, the borrower’s financial situation, and the property itself.

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